Hydrogeology and Groundwater


Formation Environmental provides a full spectrum of groundwater services.  Our team of groundwater specialists integrates industry, regulatory, and scientific knowledge to develop focused groundwater investigation, assessment, and monitoring programs.  Formation hydrogeologists, geochemists, and groundwater modelers also contribute specialized expertise to environmental site characterization, environmental engineering, and litigation projects.  Our experience includes work for the mining, oil and gas, chemicals, waste-management, and port-authority industries, for which we have provided a range of groundwater services, including:


Hydrogeologic Characterization
  • Monitoring well design, installation, and development
  • Aquifer and borehole hydraulic testing
  • Drilling oversight for subsurface investigations
  • Surface geophysical surveying
Remedial Design and Corrective Action
  • Extraction well design, installation, and development
  • Interceptor-trench design and installation
Groundwater Monitoring
  • Program design and optimization
  • Statistical data analysis and reporting
Conceptual Model Development
  • Data collection, analysis, and interpretation
  • 2D and 3D subsurface mapping
Groundwater  Flow and Transport Modeling
  • Analytical and numerical modeling
  • Unsaturated-zone infiltration modeling